Bone Density Testing
Osteoporosis weakens the bones to the point that they break easily, especially bones in the hip, spine and wrist. It is called the silent disease because symptoms do not occur until the disease is in an advanced stage.
The Breast Center offers the Horizon DXA system from Hologic, which offers superb visualization, unparalleled speed and precision, and uses the most leading-edge technology available today. Osteoporosis is a growing health concern and while the new Horizon DXA system generates crisp, clear, high-resolution images to accurately assess bone density for patients at risk for osteoporosis, it can do so much more.
Atypical femur fracture assessment. This system produces radiographic quality images of the entire femur for assessment of potential atypical femur fractures. A quick, 15-second scan reveals cortical thickening of the bone, making it fast and easy to monitor the effects of biophosphonate therapy over time.
Abdominal aortic calcification. This system allows the visualization of calcified plaque in the abdominal aorta, which may be a significant indication of heart disease and/or stroke – two of the leading causes of death in men and women.
Instant vertebral assessment scan. This determines the fracture risk by combining an accurate assessment of bone density with high-resolution vertebral imaging. Spine fractures can be identified with a low-dose, single-energy image in 10 seconds. This is recommended for patients with a T-score less than 1.0 or any one or more of the following:
Women 70 years or older or men 80 years or older.
Height loss of more than 1.5 inches
Self-reported but undocumented prior vertebral fractures
Glucocorticoid therapy equivalent to less than or equal to 5 mg of prednisone per day for more than three months.
Advanced body composition assessment. This system can complete a full body scan providing detailed information, including patients’ percentage of body fat, percentage of lean mass and visceral fat to provide more detailed information than a BMI calculation.
Overall, women are at greater risk than men for developing osteoporosis. However, several factors can increase a woman’s risk.
- Are postmenopausal.
- Have a family or personal history of spine or hip fracture after age 45.
- Are of Caucasian or Asian race.
- Are small-boned and weigh less than 127 pounds.
- Have experienced early menopause or cessation of menstruation before menopause.
- Have a lifestyle with little or no exercise, especially weight-bearing exercise.
- Have a history of alcohol abuse or smoking cigarettes.
- Have a history of long-term use of glucocorticoids (oral steroids).
- Use medications to treat hyperthyroidism, marrow disorders, collagen disorders, gastrointestinal problems and seizure disorders.